Dr. Håvard Halland is a Visiting Scholar at the Stanford Global Projects Center (GPC). His research focuses on sovereign wealth funds and strategic investment funds. Other research interests include climate finance, and the role of strategic investment funds in financing clean-energy infrastructure. From 2012 to 2018 he was an economist / senior economist at the World Bank, where he provided advice to governments on the establishment and operations of strategic investment funds and sovereign wealth funds. At the World Bank he was also the lead author or joint author of 3 books on the public economics and management of the extractive industries sector, and in the area of infrastructure finance, and of a number of research papers. His books have been published in several languages, and he is currently working on a fourth one, on strategic investment funds. Before joining the World Bank, Håvard was a delegate of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), to the armed conflicts in Colombia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In that capacity, he led ICRC support for community infrastructure projects, implemented large-scale humanitarian aid operations, and conducted hostage negotiations and other humanitarian diplomacy vis-à-vis armed groups, based on the Geneva Conventions. He earned a PhD in Economics from the University of Cambridge.