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The Role of Integrated Project Delivery Elements in Adoption of Integral Innovations

TitleThe Role of Integrated Project Delivery Elements in Adoption of Integral Innovations
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsHall, D, Algiers, A, Lehtinen, T, Levitt, RE, Li, C, Padachuri, P
Conference NameEPOC 2014

Product and process innovations in the building sector are continually being developed, yet only
innovations that fit within the current industry supply chain diffuse. “Integral” innovations such
as radiant heating/cooling cross professional and trade specializations, break industry standards,
and redefine how existing modules fit together. These innovations diffuse three times more
slowly than innovations that fit within the existing supply chain. Integrated Project Delivery
(IPD) offers a collaborative framework with the potential to address the industry fragmentation
preventing integral innovation diffusion. This study uses a mix-method research design to
understand which elements of IPD play a role in adoption of integral innovations. First,
researchers use grounded theory observations and participant interviews from four large IPD
projects to uncover the legal, management, and workplace strategies at play during innovation.
These elements include owner involvement and vision, early involvement of key participants,
team idea generation and support, colocation, fiscal transparency and flexibility, lean
construction principles, incentivized contracts with guaranteed cost reimbursement, collaborative
decision making, trust and accountability, and virtual design and construction. Second,
researchers outline a methodology for using a fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis
(fsQCA) to further understand and refine these propositions for a medium-N population. An
exploratory fsQCA of seven IPD cases finds colocation, virtual design and construction, owner
involvement and vision, and (for non-renovation projects) lean construction principles are
necessary conditions for adoption of integral innovations.

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